The endocrine system comprises the different glands in the body and the hormone that each secretes. Together, these glands and the hormones they produce are responsible for making the body function, ensuring that all-important bodily processes occur. These processes include metabolism, growth, sleep, and many more. This system is also like all other body systems in that it can be prone to certain diseases and disorders. Some common sakit sa endocrine system to take note of are the following:
In the pancreas are the so-called islet cells responsible for producing insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar in your blood. But sometimes, the body’s cells do not respond well to insulin, thus resulting in glucose or blood sugar buildup. This condition is known as type-2 diabetes, and it can worsen over time, especially when the islet cells in your pancreas can no longer produce enough insulin.
Among the symptoms of type-2 diabetes are frequent hunger, panghihina, unexplained weight loss, blurred or declining vision, and madalas na pag-ihi.
Best practices to avoid this condition include reducing your sugar intake and refined carbohydrates by eating a healthy, balanced diet. Make water your primary beverage as well, and avoid soda, juice, and other sweet drinks. Try to be physically active, too, as exercise has been shown to enhance the insulin sensitivity of the body’s cells.
Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism
Hypothyroidism is also known as an underactive thyroid. It is characterized by the thyroid’s inability to produce enough thyroid hormone. This condition makes you tire easily, gain weight more quickly, and makes you susceptible to colder temperatures. It can also cause myxedema, a condition in which you have low thyroid hormone levels. The result is anemia, heart failure, and even coma.
Hyperthyroidism is the opposite of hypothyroidism. It means you have an extremely active thyroid that secretes many thyroid hormones. This results in a swollen thyroid gland, increased appetite, constant itching, unexplained hair loss, and sleeping difficulties.
One of the best ways to avoid both conditions is to stay away from processed food since it contains chemicals that can potentially interfere with the thyroid’s normal functioning. Avoid smoking as well since the toxins in cigarettes can also adversely affect the thyroid glands. Consider getting selenium supplements, too, as keeping your thyroid’s selenium level balanced is vital in ensuring good thyroid health.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder among women. The testosterone level is high for women with PCOS, and noncancerous cysts or follicles form in the ovary. This condition can result in infertility, dangerous fat accumulation in the liver, type-2 diabetes, bleeding in the uterus, and endometrial cancer.
The best preventive measure against PCOS is consistent physical activity since it can help counter insulin resistance, which contributes to PCOS. Regular exercise is an excellent way to combat PCOS. A healthy weight has been shown to jumpstart ovulation and keep insulin and androgen levels in check. Make sure also that you have regular checkups with a gynecologist for constant monitoring.
This condition occurs in men and is medically called hypogonadism. It can be genetic or develop over time, which means older men are particularly vulnerable to it. The most common symptoms of hypogonadism are erectile dysfunction, shrinking testicles, lowered sexual desire, easily waning energy, muscular weakness, hair loss, and difficulty sleeping.
Cushing’s syndrome is a condition in which the body produces too much cortisol, a stress hormone produced by the adrenal glands located just above your kidneys. This hormone lessens inflammation, regulates your blood pressure, and gives you energy boosts when you need them. Unfortunately, too much of it, as in Cushing’s syndrome, can result in weight gain, fat development near the neck area, the appearance of pink stretch marks called striae, acne breakouts, and slowly healing wounds or cuts.
While these are not preventative per se, consider eating a healthy, nutrient-dense diet and avoiding alcohol. This is because both malnutrition and alcohol have been shown to increase the body’s production of cortisol. In addition, try to keep yourself relaxed most of the time since stress can also lead to increased cortisol production. Finally, consult your doctor if you have any condition requiring corticosteroid or prednisone treatments, as both can also increase cortisol levels.